AMQP vs JMS | Difference between AMQP and JMS
This page compares AMQP vs JMS and mentions difference between AMQP and JMS protocols.
Following table mentions comparison between AMQP and JMS protocols.
|Full Form||Advanced Message Queuing Protocol||Java Message Service|
|What is it?||• It provides standard messaging
protocol across all the platforms.
• It is cross platform and supports multiple languages/frameworks.
• It is open standard for passing messages between applications or organizations.
• It lets different systems e.g. .NET/Java to interact with each other by agreeing message format at wire level similar to web services.
|• It provides messaging
API for java platforms.
• It is specifically targeted at Java users.
• It does not define message format. This is filled by AMQP protocol.
|Message format/types||Messages should be transmitted in binary format.||Messages are transmitted in five different data types viz. BytesMessage, MapMessage, ObjectMessage, StreamMessage and text message.|
|Message Models||Direct, Fanout, Topic, Headers||P2P (Point to Point), Publish/Subscribe|
|Working||It is completely client (i.e. API) and server (i.e. broker) agnostic. Any AMQP compatible client can talk to any other AMQP client.||Here only API is specified. All the applications should adhere to JMS API in order to communicate with each other.|
|Security||Supported i.e.SASL||specification does not support security and hence implementation is left with JMS provider.|
|Message routing||complex routing schemes are possible based on routing key. This is based on destination matching criteria.||It is based on more complicated routing schemes. These are based on hierarchic topics and client message selection filters.|
|Multicast/distribution list||topics (publish/subscribe), Fanout (transmit to all bound Rx queues)||topics|
|Message delivery QoS|| Yes (exactly once delivery semantics of a session)
• Persistent/non-persistent delivery modes
• Message priorities
• Only message Ack and no-ack modes defined
|• Persistent delivery modes
• Different message ack types
• Message priorities
|Peek queue (check if message available without receiving)||No||Yes (QueueBrowser object)|
|Priority based messaging||Yes (10 priority levels)||Yes (10 priority levels)|
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