This tutorial on UMTS covers UMTS logical channels, transport channels and physical channels.
As shown in the figure, there are three types of UMTS channels viz. logical channels(RLC layer), transport channels(MAC layer) and physical channels(PHY layer). As they tranverse between layers they map to other layer frames. For example logical channels are mapped to transport channels and transport channels are mapped tp physical channels.
UMTS logical channels
As shown in the figure, UMTS/WCDMA logical channels are divided into control channels and traffic channels(DTCH,CTCH).
As the name suggests traffic channels carry information(voice) annd control channels carry signalling information useful to establish and
maintain connection between UE and network(NodeB).Following are the functions of each of these logical channels. Pls. note that DL stands for Downlink from network to UE and UL stands for Uplink from UE to Network.
DTCH(DL and UL, point to point)- Dedicated Traffic channel,carry user information.
CTCH(unidirectional point to multi-point)-Common traffic channel.
BCCH(DL broadcast)- Broadcast Control Channel, carry SYSTEM INFORMATION
CCCH(Bidirectional)- Common Control Channel
DCCH(Dedicated Control Channel, point to point bidirectional)
PCCH(Paging Control Channel,DL)-carry paging information
SHCCH(Shared Channel Control Channel,Bidirectional)
|UMTS/WCDMA Logical Channel||Function||Direction||Duplex Mode|
|Dedicated traffic channel(DTCH)||carry user plane data (speech/packet data)||Uplink(UL)/Downlink(DL)||FDD/TDD|
|Dedicated control channel(DCCH)||carry signalling messages used for control operations||Uplink/Downlink||FDD/TDD|
|Shared control channel(SHCCH)||carry control messages||Uplink/Downlink||TDD|
|Common control channel(CCCH)||It is used to carry control messages||Uplink/Downlink||FDD/TDD|
|Common traffic channel(CTCH)||It is used to carry user traffic(e.g.cell broadcast SMS)||Downlink||FDD/TDD|
|Paging control channel(PCCH)||It is used to carry paging messages directed towards UE||Downlink||FDD/TDD|
|Broadcast control channel(BCCH)||It is used to carry broadcast messages towards UE||Downlink||FDD/TDD|
UMTS Transport channels
Following are the transport type of UMTS channels.
BCH(DL broadcast) - SYSTEM/Cell related INFORMATION
FACH(DL/Forward Access Channel)- carry control information from network to UE
PCH (DL)- Paging Channel
DCH (UL or DL) - Dedicated Channel
DSCH(DL) - Downlink Shared Channel
USCH(UL)- Uplink Shared Channel
RACH(UL)- Random Access Channel
|UMTS/WCDMA Transport Channel||Function||Direction||Duplex Mode|
|Random access channel(RACH)||It is used for initial access of the network by UE||Uplink||FDD/TDD|
|Common packet channel(CPCH)||It is used as contention channel for bursty data||Uplink||FDD/|
|Forward access channel(FACH)||It is used to transfer user data/control signalling messages||Downlink||FDD/TDD|
|Downlink shared channel(DSCH)||It is used as shared channel carrying dedicated user data/control messages in the downlink||Downlink||FDD/TDD|
|Uplink shared channel(USCH)||It is used as shared channel carrying dedicated user data/control messages in the uplink||Uplink||TDD|
|Broadcast channel(BCH)||Broadcast channel to all UEs in a cell||Downlink||FDD/TDD|
|Paging channel(PCH)||Broadcast of paging & notification messages,also allows UE to make use of sleep Mode||Downlink||FDD/TDD|
|Dedicated Channel(DCH)||It is used as dedicated channel to transfer traffic/control messages in both the direction||Uplink/Downlink||FDD/TDD|
UMTS Physical channels
Following are physical type of UMTS channels for 3.84Mcps case.
P-CCPCH- Primary Common Control Physical Channel
SCH- Synchronization Channel
S-CCPCH- Secondary Common Control Physical Channel
PICH- Paging Indicator Channel
DPCH(DL)- Dedicated Physical Channel in the downlink
PDSCH-Physical Downlink Shared Channel
DPCH(UL)-Dedicated Physical Channel in the uplink
PUSCH- Physical Uplink Shared Channel
PRACH- Physical Random Access Channel
PNBSCH- Physical Node B Synchronization Channel
Mapping between channels
Following are links to various UMTS channels which cover SCH, SCCPCH, PRACH, PICH, PDSCH, PCPCH, PCCPCH, DPDCH, DPCH, DPCCH, CSICH, CPICH, CD CAICH, AICH channels.
WCDMA SCH channel
WCDMA SCCPCH channel
WCDMA PRACH channel
WCDMA PICH channel
WCDMA PDSCH channel
WCDMA PCPCH channel
WCDMA PCCPCH channel
WCDMA DPDCH channel
WCDMA DPCH channel
WCDMA DPCCH channel
WCDMA CSICH channel
WCDMA CPICH channel
WCDMA CD CAICH channel
WCDMA AICH channel