Difference between Bluetooth versions v1.2, v2.0, v2.1, v3.0,v4.0 and v4.1

This page compares bluetooth versions and provides difference between bluetooth versions v1.2, v2.0, v2.1, v3.0, v4.0 and v4.1. It also provides bluetooth related links.The other useful links to difference between various terms are provided here.

This tutorial section on bluetooth basics covers following sub topics:
Main Page  Frequency  PHY Layer  MAC layer  Stack  Power classes  Security  products  versions 

This technology Bluetooth provides short range wireless capabilities so that two devices can transfer data with each other. Over the years various versions of Bluetooth have been evolved which include v1.2, v2.0, v2.1, v3.0,v4.0 and v4.1. It operates at 2.4 GHz ISM frequency band. The technology is based on IEEE 802.15.1 standard. Both PHY and MAC layers of the Bluetooth is defined in this Wireless Personal Area Network(WPAN) standard.

All the bluetooth versions have different speed and data rate requirements. They are compatible with their previous versions so that device with one version can interoperate with the other version. Bluetooth network is composed of piconets. Each piconet will have one master and one to seven slaves which communicate to one another.

Bluetooth RF and baseband specifications

•  Modulation type is GFSK
•  Peak data rate is about 1Mbps
•  RF Bandwidth is 220KHz and 1MHz
•  RF frequency band is 2.4 GHz
•  No. of RF carriers are 23/79
•  RF carrier spacing is 1 MHz
•  1600 hops/sec frequency hopping
•  Time Division Duplex mode
•  Transmit power is about 0.1 watt
•  distance coverage of up to 10m to 100m
•  7 simultaneous links possible in a star configuration

Bluetooth v1.2

Speed or data rate: 720 kbps
Backward compatibility: v1.1

Bluetooth v2.0

Speed: 2.1 Mbps
Backward compatibility: Bluetooth v1.2

Bluetooth v2.1

Speed: 2 Mbit/s
Backward compatibility: Bluetooth v1.2

Bluetooth version v3.0

Speed: 24 Mbps
Backward compatibility: Bluetooth v2.1

Bluetooth v4.0

Speed:24 Mbps
Backward compatibility: Bluetooth v3.0

Bluetooth v4.1

Designed to work seamlessly with LTE cellular technology.
Backward compatible with previous versions.


Bluetooth Tutorial  BLE Tutorial  Frequency  PHY Layer  MAC layer  Stack  Power classes  Security  products  versions  Bluetooth Vs BLE 

BLE (Bluetooth Low Energy) Links

BLE Protocol Stack

Bluetooth v4.2 versus v5.0 >>
Bluetooth v5.0 versus v5.1 >>
BLE states and state diagram >>
BLE advertising and data channels >>
BLE protocol stack architecture >>
BLE connection process >>
BLE advertising and data packet formats >>

What is Difference between

difference between FDM and OFDM
Difference between SC-FDMA and OFDM
Difference between SISO and MIMO
Difference between TDD and FDD
Difference between 802.11 standards viz.11-a,11-b,11-g and 11-n

RF and Wireless Terminologies