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Advantages of Contact Tracing | disadvantages of Contact Tracing

This page covers advantages and disadvantages of Contact Tracing technology and its basics. It mentions benefits or advantages of Contact Tracing and drawbacks or disadvantages of Contact Tracing.

What is Contact Tracing Technology ?

As we know infectious disease by name covid-19 has become pandemic and hundreds of people have died due to this type of corona virus. This virus has been originated in Wuhan, China in december 2019.

To deal with this contagious virus, Google and Apple have come together and developed a technology which helps to reduce spread of this virus among people.

The technology will assure privacy and security of the users. By this, Health and government agencies are informed about positive corona virus cases by patients themselves. This will help health agencies to perform many measures viz. Keeping the positive patients and his/her primary contacts in self isolation or self quarantine. Moreover the infectious patients will be provided immediate medical support such as ventilators, medicines and so on.

contact tracing technology
Image Courtesy : Google , Apple Inc.

The contact tracing technology uses bluetooth and beacon connectivities. The technology does not use GPS. Specific apps are available on Google play store and Apple App store for download. These apps are used by positive covid-19 patients to upload their health status. These apps are also used by health authorities to collect the data and inform the people who had come across in contacts with positive patients in last few days.

contact tracing technology
Image Courtesy : Google , Apple Inc.

Let us understand the concept with the help of following example.
• 1. Alice and Bob meet each other for first time.
• 2. After their meeting, Bob has been diagnosed with COVID-19. He enters his test result in app provided on store by public health department.
• 3. As per Bob's consent, his phone details are broadcasted to the cloud.
• 4. Alice is unaware of the person to whom she met has become covid-19 positive. Alice sees notification on her phone about it from health department. She will also get notifications about all the positive COVID-19 patients in her area.
• 5. Alice will now intimated from concerned health authoritities about what steps to be taken by her.

Benefits or advantages of Contact Tracing

Following are the benefits or advantages of Contact Tracing:
➨The spread of corona virus can be reduced to a greater extent by this technology.
➨The bluetooth technology is available in almost all the android and iOS mobile phones. Hence maximum number of users can avail this technology free of cost.
➨The privacy and security of the mobile phone users are being taken care by this technology.

Drawbacks or disadvantages of Contact Tracing

Following are the drawbacks or disadvantages of Contact Tracing:
➨The success of technology depends on voluntary entries of patients in the contact tracing app.
➨As GPS technology is not being used, it is difficult for authorities to monitor breach of self isolation or self confinement.
➨Drones are requited to be used to enforce lockdown and self isolation in various regions. This increases cost of data surveillance system.

Follow social distancing and use data surveillance system to reduce the spread of COVID-19.

*General public health information*

Do these five simple things to help stop coronavirus (COVID-19).
1. HANDS: Wash them often
2. ELBOW: Cough into it
3. FACE: Don't touch it
4. FEET: Stay more than 3ft (1m) apart
5. FEEL: Sick? Stay home

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