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LTE Frame Structure of LTE Tutorial-Page7

This page of LTE tutorial covers LTE Frame structure. It includes TDD and FDD frame structure as per LTE standard.

This tutorial section on LTE basics covers following sub topics:
Main page  features  terminologies  Frame  TDD FDD  Channel types  PHY  stack  throughput  VoLTE  CA   cell search  network entry  Timers  PSS vs SSS  Security   LTE Bands  EARFCN  Hotspot  router 

LTE Frame structure

The LTE frame structure are of two types based on topology either FDD or TDD. Total Frame duration is about 10ms. There are total 10 subframes in a frame. Each subframe composed of 2 time slots.

Type 1, LTE frame structure is applicable to FDD system. As shown in the figure below, an LTE TDD frame is made of total 20 slots, each of 0.5ms. Two consecutive time slots will form one subframe. 10 such subframes form one radio frame. One subframe duration is about 1 ms. Hence LTE radio frame will have duration of about 10ms. Each radio frame will have 307200 Ts. Where in one Ts equals 1/(15000 x 2048) seconds.

LTE frame structure FDD

Type 2, LTE frame structure is application to TDD system. As shown in the figure, here radio frame composed of two half frames, each of 5ms duration resulting in total frame duration of about 10ms. Each radio frame will have total 10 subframes,each subframe will have 2 time slots. subframe configuration is based on Uplink downlink configuration(0 to 6). Usually in all the cases, subframe #0 and subframe#5 is always used by downlink. The Special subframe carry DwPTS(Downlink Pilot Time Slot),GP(Guard Period) and UpPTS(Uplink Pilot Time Slot). For the 5ms DL to UL switch point periodicity case, SS(Special subframe ) exists in both the half frames. For the 10ms DL to UL switch point periodicity case, SS exists only in first half frame.

LTE frame structure TDD

DL to UL configuration which determines what goes in all the subframes is mentioned below in the table.

UL,DL,configuration TDD


Frame structure of wireless standards, technologies

Frame structure of various wireless standards/technologies are mentioned below. It include WiMAX, WLAN, Zigbee, GSM, GPRS, UMTS, LTE, TD-SCDMA, GPS, SDH, 11ac WLAN, AMPS, Ethernet, VLAN etc.

WiMAX physical layer Frame Structure as per 802.16d and 802.16e standards
WiMAX MAC layer Frame Structure as per OFDM 802.16d standard
Zigbee RF4CE Frame Structure
Zigbee physical layer Frame Structure
Zigbee MAC layer Frame Structure
GPRS Frame Structure
GPS Frame Structure
LTE Frame Structure
TD-SCDMA Frame Structure
UMTS Frame Structure
SONET Frame Structure
SDH Frame Structure
802.11ac PHY Frame Structure
802.11ac MAC layer Frame Structure
WLAN Frame Structure as per 802.11a,11b,11n,11ac standards
AMPS Frame Structure
Ethernet Frame Structure
VLAN Frame Structure
GSM Frame Structure

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