Okumura Hata Model formula | COST-231 extension of Hata Model

This page describes Okumura Hata Model basics, Hata model formula and COST-231 extension of Okumura Hata Model.

The hata model is empirical formulation of graphical path loss (PL) data. It is valid in the range from 150 MHz to 1500 MHz. It is provided by Okumura and hence the name. Hata has given standard formula for propagation loss for urban area. He has also provided correction equations for other situations.

There are two forms of Okumura Hata model as mentioned below.
➨In first form, path loss (dB) is expressed as follows:
PL = PLfree space + Aexc + Hcb + Hcm
PLfree space = Free space Path Loss
Aexc = Excess Path Loss for BS height of 200 meters and MS height of 3 meters.
Hcb, Hcm = Both are correction factors

➨Standard formula for path loss is expressed as follows.
PL = A + B*Log(d) + C
Where, A, B abd C are factors which depend on both frequency and height of antenna.
A = 69.55 + 26.16 Log (Fc) -13.82*Log(hb)-a(hm)
B = 44.9 - 6.55Log (hb)
Fc is frequency in MHz
d is distance in Km
hb is BS height
hm is MS height
Function a(hm) and factor C depend on environment as mentioned below.

Hata Model Equations

The a(hm) in suburban/rural areas is same as for urban areas.

COST-231 extension of Hata Model

The empirical path loss formula is expressed as follows.

COST231 hata model extension

EURO COST group has formed COST-231 working committee to develop extended version of Hata model. The formula above extends Hata model to about 2 GHz.


Following are matlab codes for channel models viz. SUI channel model, ITU-T channel model as per wimax 802.16e standard, JTC channel model as per 802.11b/11g, UWB channel model as per 802.15.3 and 802.15.4 standard specifications. 802.11a WLAN channel model matlab files
802.11b 11g JTC WLAN channel model matlab files
802.15.3 UWB channel model matlab files
802.15.4 UWB channel model matlab files
802.16d SUI WiMAX channel model matlab files
802.16e ITU-T channel model matlab files
Rayleigh channel model matlab files
Rician channel model matlab files

RF and Wireless Terminologies