Klystron vs magnetron-Difference between Klystron and magnetron

This page on Klystron vs magnetron describes difference between Klystron and magnetron. It covers basics of klystron and magnetron and mention difference between them.


Two cavity Klystron

A klystron is basically a vacuum tube with input and output structures replaced with resonant cavities known as buncher cavity and catcher cavity. Normally it functions as amplifier. The klystron with internal or external feedback built in its design can function as oscillator.

There are two main types of klystron viz. two or multi cavity klystron and reflex klystron.
READ MORE microwave tubes➤➤ and READ MORE Klystron basics➤➤

Klystron characteristics are as follows:
• Frequency of operation: 4 to 200 GHz
• Bandwidth : /+/- 30 MHz for Delta(VR) od +/- 10 Volt
• Power : 1 mW to 2.5 Watt
• Practical efficiency : 10 to 20 %
• Tuning Range: 5 GHz @ 2 Watt , 30 GHz @ 10 mWatt



Magnetron is different compare to normal tube. Here the electron beam is being forced to follow spiral path from cathode to anode by application of external magnetic field. It must operate only as oscillator.

Magnetron devices are tunable. This means that output frequency can be changed by varying resonant frequency of cavity. There are two ways to tune the magnetron viz. electronic tuning and mechanical tuning. Electronic tuning is achieved by generating variable reactance with the help of electron beam. Mechanical tuning is achieved by inserting mechanical devices e.g. rods or rings into the holes of resonator cavities to change the inductance of resonant circuit.

Magnetron characteristics are as follows:
• Fixed tube magnetron provides 600 Watt CW power @ 2.45GHz
• Peak power : upto 40 MWatt with DC voltage of 50 KV @ 10GHz
• Average power: 800 KWatt
• Duty Cycle: 0.1 %
• Efficiency: 40 to 80 %

Klystron Magnetron
It can be used both as amplifier and oscillator. It can only be used as oscillator.
Application: It is used in TV transmitter, radar and particle accelerators. Here it is used as high power, narrowband stable amplifier. Application: It is used in microwave ovens, operating at 2.45 GHz. It is also used for RF heating when operating at 900MHz or 2.45GHz.

TWT and Klystron related links

SSPA Test Procedure   Power Amplifier Basics and SSPA design example   TWT calculator   microwave tubes    Reflex Klystron Calculator   TWTA vs SSPA-Difference between TWTA and SSPA  

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