LTE vs 5G TF vs 5G NR | Difference between LTE 5GTF 5GNR

This page compares LTE vs 5G TF vs 5G NR and mentions difference between LTE, 5GTF and 5GNR technologies.

Specifications LTE 5G TF 5G NR
Full Form Long Term Evolution Verizon's 5G Technical Forum 3GPP 5G New Radio
Radio Frame Duration 10 ms 10 ms 10 ms
Number of subframes in a frame 10 50 10
Number of slots in a frame 20 (each of 1ms duration) 100 (each of 0.1ms duration) 20 (each of 1ms duration)
Number of RBs (Resource Blocks) 100 (maximum) 100 (maximum) 100 or more
Carrier Aggregation (Maximum CCs) 5 (Rel. 10)
32 (Rel. 12)
8 16
Subcarrier Spacing 15 KHz 75 KHz Flexible: 2n*15 KHz
(Where, n = -2,0,1,....,5)
15 KHz, 30 KHz, 60 KHz, 120 KHz, 240 KHz, (480 KHz)
Carrier Bandwidth 1.4/3/5/10/15/20 MHz (For 20 MHz, using carrier aggregation, BW upto 100 MHz can be used) 100 MHz Variable, maximum per CC is 400 MHz (From 100 to 200 MHz for less than 6 GHz band, From 100 MHz to 1 GHz for greater than 6 GHz band)
Frequency Bands Under 6 GHz 28 GHz upto 100 GHz
Beamforming Applicable to certain transmission modes with DL/UL reciprocity with and without DL/UL reciprocity
Modulation Upto 256-QAM QPSK, 16-QAM, 64-QAM QPSK, 16-QAM, 64-QAM and 256-QAM
MIMO Upto 8X8 2x2 Only Upto 8X8
Channel Coding Scheme Turbo coding for data LDPC for data NR Polar codes (Control);
NR LDPC (Data)

Difference between LTE and 5G NR

Following table-2 mentions difference between LTE and 5G NR with respect to physical layer and different channels used in these standards.

Features LTE 5G NR
Physical layer waveforms Downlink: CP-OFDM, Uplink: DFT-S-OFDM Downlink: CP-OFDM, Uplink: CP-OFDM or DFT-S-OFDM
Symbol duration 32.552 ns for subcarrier spacing of 15 KHz and NFFT of 2048 0.509 ns for subcarrier spacing of 480 KHz and NFFT of 4096
Subcarrier spacing Fixed, 15 KHz Variable, 15/30/60/120/240/480 KHz
FFT Size 2048 4096 (<=240 KHz SCS), 8192 for 480 KHz SCS
Number of slots per subframe Fixed Variable, Depends on subcarrier spacing
CP (Cyclic Prefix) type Normal CP, Extended CP • Normal CP for all subcarrier spacing (SCS)
• Extended CP is supported for 60 KHz SCS
Max. number of data subcarriers 1200 3300
Number of symbols per slot 7 symbols for normal CP, 6 symbols for extended CP • 14 symbols for normal CP, 12 symbols for extended CP
• 2, 4 and 7 symbols for mini-slots
UL/DL ratio change
Synchronization signals • The PSS is constructed from a frequency-domain ZC sequence of length 63.
• Each SSS sequence is constructed by interleaving, in the frequency-domain, two length-31 BPSK-modulated secondary synchronization codes.
Refer LTE PSS vs SSS >> for more information.
• 5G NR SS consists of PSS (Primary SS) and SSS (Secondary SS).
• A BPSK modulated m-sequence of length 127 is used for NR PSS.
• BPSK modulated Gold sequence of length 127 is used for NR SSS.
Refer 5G NR SS >> and 5G PSS vs SSS vs ESS >> for more information.
Reference signals • Downlink: Reference Signal (RS)
• Uplink: DMRS, SRS
• Refer LTE reference Signals >>
• Downlink : DMRS (Demodulation Ref. Signal) , PTRS (Phase Tracking RS) and CSI-RS (Channel State Inf. RS)
• Uplink: DMRS, PTRS and SRS
• Refer 5G NR Reference Signals >> for more information.
PBCH • Refer LTE PBCH >> for more information. • Refer 5G NR PBCH >> for more information.
RACH • Refer LTE RACH >> for more information. • Refer VENDORS5G NR RACH >>
PDCCH • Refer LTE PDCCH >> for more information. • Refer 5G NR PDCCH >> for more information.
PUCCH • Refer LTE PUCCH >> for more information. • Refer 5G NR PUCCH >> for more information.
SS block sweeping 1 4 for < 3 GHz, 8 for < 3 to 6 GHz, 64 for 6 to 52.6 GHz
Channel coding for various channels • PBCH/PDCCH: TBCC
• PDSCH/PUSCH : Turbo Code
• PUCCH: RM Block Code
• PBCH/PDCCH/PUCCH : Polar code
HARQ Round Trip Time • FDD: 9ms, TDD: >=8 ms • 0.25 to 16 ms
CA (Carrier Aggregation), DuCo • CA upto 32 carriers
• DuCo upto 64 carriers
• CA upto 16 carriers
• DuCo upto 32 carriers
UE Bandwidth Adaptation • Not allowed • Allowed
Mobility • CRS-based RSRP • SSS-based RSRP for cell or beam
• CSI-RS based RSRP for beam or transmission point
MIMO/Beamforming • Digital Beamforming
• Diversity Tx:SFBC
• Open loop TxCDD with precoder cycling (PC), 1-port PC
• Closed loopTx spatial multiplexing
• Hybrid beamforming
• Open Loop Tx: 1 port PC (UE Transparent)
• Closed Loop Tx: Spatial Multiplexing
Physical Layer • Refer LTE PHY >> for more information. • Refer 5G NR PHY >> for more information.

Difference between 2G, 3G, 4G and 5G

2G vs 3G-Difference between 2G and 3G
3G vs 4G-Difference between 3G and 4G
Difference between 2.5G,2.75G,3.5G,3.75G,4G and 5G
3G    4G    5G
4G vs 4.5G vs 4.9G vs 5G
LTE vs LTE advanced
LTE advanced vs LTE advanced Pro
5G vs LTE advanced Pro


This 5G tutorial also covers following sub topics on the 5G technology:
LTE tutorial    5G tutorial    What is 5G NR    5G Frequency Bands    5G millimeter wave tutorial    5G mm wave frame    5G millimeter wave channel sounding    Difference between 4G and 5G    5G testing and test equipments    5G network architecture    5G NR Physical layer    5G NR MAC layer    5G NR RLC layer    5G NR PDCP layer   

5G NR Numerology | 5G NR Terminology

5G NR Control channels | 5G NR Traffic Channels | 5G NR Reference Signals and sequences

5G NR Calculators

LTE resources

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