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BEV vs PHEV vs HEV | Difference between BEV PHEV HEV

This page compares BEV vs PHEV vs HEV electric vehicle (EV) types and mentions difference between BEV, PHEV and HEV types.

Introduction : Electric vehicles use electric motor for traction and chemical batteries, fuel cells, ultracapacitors and/or flywheels for their corresponding energy sources. The EVs (electric vehicles) have many benefits over the traditional IC (Internal Combustion) engine type of vehicle such as no emissions, higher efficiency and quick and smooth operation. Electric vehicles (EVs) can be categorized into three major types which include BEV, PHEV and HEV.

What is BEV (Battery Electric Vehicle) ?

• This EV runs using electric motor and battery entirely.
• It does not require support of IC engine.
• It must be plugged into an external electricity source to recharge the battery.
• It can also recharge batteries through regenerative braking like other electric vehicles.
• BEV Vehicle Models : Tesla Model S, BMW i3, Nissan Leaf, Mitsubishi iMiEV, Ford Focus EV etc.

What is PHEV (Plugin Hybrid Electric Vehicle) ?

• This EV uses electric motor and battery which can be plugged into power grid for battery charging.
• It also uses IC (Internal Combustion) engine which can also be used to recharge battery. This IC engine can be used to replace electric motor when battery condition is low.
• This PHEV vehicle type uses electricity from power grid.
• It offers more savings in fuel costs compare to HEV type.
• PHEV Vehicle Models : BMW i3 REX, Cadillac ELR, GM Chevy Volt, Ford Fusion Energi, Porsche Panamera SE, Toyota Prius Plugin etc.

What is HEV (Hybrid Electric Vehicle) ?

• This EV type uses two drive systems which are complementary to each other. It uses gasoline engine with fuel tank and electric motor with battery.
• Both engine and electric motor can turn transmission simultaneously. This transmission results into turning of the wheels of the vehicle.
• HEVs can not be recharged from electricity grid. It derives energy from gasoline and regenerative braking system.
• HEV Vehicle Models : Audi Q5 Hybrid, Acura ILX Hybrid, Cadillac Escalade Hybrid, BMW Active Hybrid 3, Honda Civic Hybrid, Hyundai Sonata Hybrid, Infiniti Q50 Hybrid, Kia Optima Hybrid, Lexus CT 200h, Lincoln MKZ, Toyota Highlander Hybrid, VW Jetta Turbo Hybrid etc.

Difference between BEV, PHEV and HEV

Following table mentions difference between BEV, PHEV and HEV electric vehicle (EV) types.

Comparison parameters BEV PHEV HEV
• Full Form Battery Electric Vehicle Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Hybrid Electric Vehicle
• Grid connection Yes, It can be connected. Yes, It can be connected with electrical grid. No
• Inclusion of IC (Internal Combustion) Engine in EV No Yes Yes
• Range 50 to 250 miles (~ 100 miles typically) 5 to 50 miles Short
• Battery capacity 20KWh (Typically), 50KWh+ for high performance EV models. 40KWh or less than this 30KWh or less
• Sources of energy Plug-in Plug-in and petrol/Diesel Petrol/Diesel
• Tailpipe emissions No emission Less emission More than PHEV
• Consumption Electrical energy Gasoline (less amount) and Electrical energy (more amount) Gasoline (More amount) and Electrical energy (less amount)

➨Refer advantages and disadvantages of Electric Vehicle types >>.

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