Bluetooth vs Zigbee-difference between Bluetooth and zigbee

This page covers comparison between bluetooth and zigbee wireless PAN technologies. It covers difference between bluetooth and zigbee technologies.

Specifications Bluetooth Zigbee
IEEE Standard 802.15.1 802.15.4
RF Frequency Band ISM bands country wise as mentioned below: USA and Europe-2400 to 2483.5MHz , Japan-2471 to 2479MHz, France-2445 to 2475MHz, Spain-2446.5 to 2483.5MHz 868MHz in Europe 915 MHz in Australia/USA, 2450 MHz worldwide
Channel Spacing 1 MHz 5 MHz, Occupied bandwidth is about 2 MHz.
No. of Channels USA & Europe- 79, Japan, France and Spain-23 16 channels for 2450 MHz band, 10 channels for 915 MHz band, 1 channel for 868 MHz.
Distance 10 cm to 100 meters based on Bluetooth device power class 10 to 100 meters based on transmit power, antenna etc.
Data rate Devices as per Bluetooth 1.0 Specifications offer about 1 Mbps, Devices as per Bluetooth 2.0 offer up to about 3 Mbps. 868/915 band provides about 20/40Kb/s respectively. 2450MHz band provides about 250 kb/s data rates
Modulation GFSK (Gaussian Frequency Shift Keying) BPSK(Binary Phase Shift Keying) for 868/915 MHz and OQPSK(Orthogonal QPSK) for 2450 MHz, Uses DSSS to convert bits/symbols to chips.
Protocol Stack Core protocols- (Physical layer called baseband layer, Link Manager Protocol, Logical Link Control and adaptation protocol, Service Discovery Protocol),cable replacement protocol layer(RFCOMM) Telephony Control Specification Binary Existing protocols- PPP, TCP,UDP,IP,OBEX,WAE/WAP Physical layer, MAC layer, network, security and application
Frequency Hopping Yes No
Security 128 bit AES 128 bit AES
Topology Bluetooth device can communicate with about 7 devices in one piconet region. Star, tree, mesh topologies are supported. Zigbee works as per master-slave configurations. Max. Number of network nodes is 65536.
Medium Access scheme FH-TDD-TDMA CSMA/CA
Applications It is alternative technology to replace cable for data communication. Used for Home automation, consumer electronics, smart energy, automotive. It is mainly used for monitoring and control applications. Used for Home automation, consumer electronics, smart energy, automotive.

What is Difference between

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Difference between TDD and FDD
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BLE (Bluetooth Low Energy) Links

BLE Protocol Stack BLE connection establishment procedure

Bluetooth v4.2 versus v5.0 >>
Bluetooth v5.0 versus v5.1 >>
BLE states and state diagram >>
BLE advertising and data channels >>
BLE protocol stack architecture >>
BLE connection process >>
BLE advertising and data packet formats >>

IoT Wireless Technologies

WLAN    ➤THREAD    ➤EnOcean    ➤LoRa    ➤SIGFOX    ➤WHDI   
Zigbee   ➤6LoWPAN   ➤Zigbee RF4CE   ➤Z-Wave   ➤NFC   ➤RFID   ➤INSTEON  

RF and Wireless Terminologies