Advantages of Social distancing | disadvantages of Social distancing

This page covers advantages and disadvantages of Social distancing for COVID-19 or CORONA virus. It mentions benefits or advantages of Social distancing and drawbacks or disadvantages of Social distancing.

What is Social distancing followed for COVID-19 or CORONA virus?

The act of maintaining distance from fellow human beings while shopping, walking, running or any where else is known as social distancing. This term has become more popular recently with the outbreak of COVID-19.

COVID-19 is infectious disease caused by most recently discovered coronavirus. This new virus and disease were unknown before its outbreak in Wuhan, China in december 2019. Coronaviruses are large family of viruses which may cause illness in humans or animals.

In humans, several coronaviruses cause respiratory infections ranging from common cold to more severe diseases such as MERS and SARS. The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, fatigue and dry cough. Some patients may also have aches & pains, runny nose, sore throat, shortness of breath, diarrhoea etc.

Social distancing
Image courtesy : The Johns Hopkins University

Social distancing is aimed to reduce frequency of contact by increasing physical distance between persons. This reduces risks of person to person transmission or community transmission.

In social distancing one has to keep oneself atleast 6 feet away from other people in your household or in community.

Social distancing measures followed in order to control spread of contagious illnesses include following.
• Self isolation
• Self quarantine
• School closure
• Workplace closure
• Cordon sanitaire
• Cancellation of mass gatherings at events, pubs, disco, theaters, clubs, religious places, musical concerts etc.

Benefits or advantages of Social distancing

Following are the benefits or advantages of Social distancing:
➨It delays peak of epidemic and consecutively provide time to health authorities to slow down influenza transmission. Moreover it provides time to arrange for basic medical amenities such as Forehead Thermometer, Infrared Thermometer, FFP2 Mask, FFP3 Mask, Face Mask, Surgical Face Mask, KN95, N95, Protective Mask, beds, ventilators etc.
➨It reduces number of infections in the people.
➨It spreads number of infectious people over a longer period of time.
➨Social distancing reduces the rate of disease transmission and can stop an outbreak.
➨It is most effective technique when infection is being transmitted due to droplet contact such as coughing or sneezing.

Drawbacks or disadvantages of Social distancing

Following are the drawbacks or disadvantages of Social distancing:
➨It is less effective when infection is transmitted primarily due to contaminated water or food or by mosquitoes or insects.
➨It can cause loneliness and often depression if people are adjusted to human interaction environment.
➨It reduces productivity and loss of other advantages associated with human interaction.

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*General public health information*

Do these five simple things to help stop coronavirus (COVID-19).
1. HANDS: Wash them often
2. ELBOW: Cough into it
3. FACE: Don't touch it
4. FEET: Stay more than 3ft (1m) apart
5. FEEL: Sick? Stay home

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