Advantages of Ethical Hacking | disadvantages of Ethical Hacking

This page covers advantages and disadvantages of Ethical Hacking and its basics. It mentions benefits or advantages of Ethical Hacking and drawbacks or disadvantages of Ethical Hacking.

What is Hacking and its types?

Hacking is the act of finding possible entry points which exist in a computer system or network and entering into one of these. Hacking is usually carried out to gain unauthorized access to a computer system or network for negative purposes such as to harm or ro steal the sensitive information from the computer.

There are three types of hackers viz. white hat hacker, black hat hacker and gray hat hacker.
• White Hat Hacker: This hacker is known as security professional or security researcher. These hackers are employed by an organization. They are permitted to attack an organization to find vulnerabilities which an attacker might be able to exploit.
• Black Hat Hacker: This hacker is known as cracker. It is referred as bad guy. This hacker uses his/her knowledge for negative purposes.
• Gray Hat Hacker: This hacker type is intermediate between white hat hacker and black hat hacker.

What is Ethical Hacking?

The act of doing penetration testing, finding vulnerabilities to ensure the security of an organization's information system is known as ethical hacking. Ethical hackers perform same activities of hackers but with owner's permission. These professionals are part of cyber security company. They are employed by companies to perform hacking tasks.

The goal of ethical hacking in a company are as follows.
• To protect the systems from attackers.
• To ensure privacy of organization data.
• To eliminate any potential threat.

Ethical Hacking phases

Following are the phases usually performed by ethical hackers in ethical hacking process.
• Reconnaissance• Foot-printing• Scanning• Gaining Access• Maintaining Access• Clearing Tracks• Reporting

Ethical hacking plays a key role in following.
• Providing security to important people or places • Protecting yourself from becoming a victim of hacking • Providing security to the common people who are not so aware of this such as banks, offices etc. • To decrease cyber attacks

Benefits or advantages of Ethical Hacking

Following are the benefits or advantages of Ethical Hacking:
➨It helps to fight against cyber terrorism and to fight against national security breaches.
➨It helps to take preventive action against hackers.
➨It helps to build a system which prevents any kinds of penetration by hackers.
➨Ethical hacking offers security to banking and financial establishments.
➨It helps to identify and close the open holes in a computer system or network.

Drawbacks or disadvantages of Ethical Hacking

Following are the drawbacks or disadvantages of Ethical Hacking:
➨This may corrupt the files of an organization.
➨Ethical hacker might use information gained for malicious use. Hence trustful hackers are needed to have success in this system.
➨Hiring such professionals will increase cost to the company.
➨The technique can harm someone's privacy.
➨The system is illegal.

Conclusion: In order to understand advantages of Ethical Hacking and disadvantages of Ethical Hacking one has to understand Ethical Hacking basics.

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