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Advantages of Drone Swarm | disadvantages of Drone Swarm

This page covers advantages and disadvantages of Drone Swarm technology and its basics. It mentions benefits or advantages of Drone Swarm and drawbacks or disadvantages of Drone Swarm.

What is Drone Swarm technology?

Small aircraft operated either by itself or using remote control is known as UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) or drone. Large number of drones flying flying in coordinated process is known as drone swarm. In other words, drone swarm refers to multiple drones flying similar to flock of birds in order to perform coordinated tasks. The drone swarm system either can be remotely controlled or they are self controlled based on automation algorithm built during their development.

Drone Swarm

The technology is being explored throughout the world in many areas for various applications. These include defense systems to provide security to the people, stage entertainment, spot spraying during fire outbreaks, hunting thieves, space exploration, wifi coverage and so on.

The drone swarm concept has been taken from natural flocking bahaviour found in birds, animals and insects. Several factors are considered while designing the drone swarm technology. The technology is being applied to various locations e.g. undersea, surface and air. The major factors are number/size of drones, payload carrying capacity, diversity, coverage distance and so on.

As mentioned in drone swarm system basics, there are two major categories of drone swarm system development based on their working operation. Manual drone swarm works by controlling them from ground station. Automatic drones self organize themselves based on their communication with other drones in the flock and takes care of collisions between them as well as with other surrounding objects during their travel. Military drone swarm systems are equipped with weapons to block missiles.

The technology development in AI (Artificial Intelligence), Big data and IoT have made drone swarm system more effective. AI algorithms enable drones to imitate certain animals which work together which is very helpful for synchronized tasks being performed by drones.

Benefits or advantages of Drone Swarm Technology

Following are the benefits or advantages of Drone Swarm Technology:
➨Military drone swarm system is equipped with anti-jamming and anti-radiation weapons in order to block hypersonic missiles. Hence it helps in providing security to war fighters and citizens of a nation.
➨Due to their small size, drones are difficult to see and hard to catch on radar.
➨Drone swarms are cost effective unlike expensive combat jets.
➨They can easily detect enemy targets and strike them down with smaller weapon loads.
➨Drones are easily be 3D printed in bulk numbers.
➨Drone swarm technology can generate business and employment opportunities.

Drawbacks or disadvantages of Drone Swarm Technology

Following are the drawbacks or disadvantages of Drone Swarm Technology:
➨Militants and enemies can misuse the technology for their wrong desires. This is a threat to native war fighters and citizens of the country.
➨Present drone swarm system generate considerable noise. Moreover they are equipped with inaccurate sensors and short range communication devices. These challenges are being analyzed to make drone swarm system more robust in the future.
➨Designing drone swarm system which can support large number of drones and cover greater distances is also a challenge for designers.
➨There are two ways the communication between ground and air bound drones can be realized viz. speech and text. Speech based technology is effective method compare to text based technology. Text based communication is considered as difficult control option in time sensitive application or use.

Conclusion: In order to understand advantages of Drone Swarm and disadvantages of Drone Swarm one has to understand Drone Swarm basics and how drone swarm system works➤.

Drone Learning resources

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Also refer IoT compliant sensors which includes ambient light sensor, optical sensor, gesture sensor, proximity sensor, touch sensor, fingerprint sensor etc.
Refer Sensors and transducers article which covers types, basic functions and provide links to sensors and transducers. It include temperature sensor, humidity sensor, strain sensor, proximity or occupancy sensor, force or load sensor, voltage and current sensor, pressure sensor, speed sensor, resistance sensor, power sensor, level sensor, event or state sensor etc.

Sensors and Transducers Related Links

Proximity Sensor   Occupancy Sensor vs Motion Sensor   LVDT and RVDT sensor   Position, displacement and level sensor   force sensor and strain sensor   temperature sensor   pressure sensor   Humidity sensor   MEMS sensor   Touch sensor   Haptic sensor   Wireless sensor

RF and Wireless Terminologies

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