5G KPIs | 5G Key Performance Indicators
This page mentions 5G KPIs or 5G Key Performance Indicators. It describes each of the 5G KPIs along with its category and test case requirements.
Typically 5G KPIs are grouped into following major categories.
• eMBB (Enhanced mobile broadband)
• URLLC (Ultra-reliable and low-latency communications)
• mMTC (Massive machine type communications)
The 5G use cases and 5G related requirements belonging to ITU, NGMN and 3GPP have been characterized at global scale by its stakeholders since its evolution.
The 5G technology use cases include broadband access in dense areas, high user mobility, massive IoT, tactile internet, natural disaster, E-Health Services, broadcast services etc.
Following table summarizes KPIs for 5G wireless technology. These are the 5G performance requirements i.e. 5G KPIs at ITU level.
|5G performance requirement type||Minimum KPI requirement||category|
|Peak Data Rate||Downlink: 20 Gbps
Uplink: 10 Gbps
|Peak Spectral Efficiency||Downlink: 30 bits/sec/Hz
Uplink: 15 bits/sec/Hz
|Data rate experienced by User||Downlink: 100 Mbps
Uplink: 50 Mbps
|Area Traffic Capacity||Downlink: 10 Mbits/sec/m2 in indoor hotspot (eMBB test environment)||eMBB|
|Latency (User Plane)||• 4 ms for eMBB
• 1 ms for URLLC
|Latency (User Plane)||• 20 ms
(10 ms encouraged)
|Connection Density||1 x 106 devices/Km2||mMTC|
|Average Spectral Efficiency||(All the below figures are in units of bits/sec/Hz/TRxP)
Indoor hotspot: DL:9/ UL:6.75
Dense Urban: DL: 7.8/ UL: 5.4
Rural: DL: 3.3/UL: 1.6
|Energy Efficiency||• Efficient data transmission (Loaded case) : To be demonstrated by "average spectral efficiency".
• Low energy consumption (no data case): This test case should support high sleep ratio/long sleep duration.
|Reliability||1 x 10-5 probability of transmitting layer-2 PDU of 32 bytes in size within 1 ms (in channel quality of coverage edge for Urban Macro-URLLC test environment.)||URLLC|
|Mobility||• Dense Urban: up to 30 Km/h
• Rural: up to 500 Km/h
|Mobility Interruption Time||0 ms||eMBB, URLLC|
|Bandwidth (Maximum Aggregated System)||• At least 100 MHz
• Up to 1 GHz for operation in high frequency bands i.e. above 6 GHz
REFERENCE TO 5G KPIs
For complete details on 5G KPIs mentioned in above table refer following document on 5g-ppp.eu website.
• Euro-5g - Supporting the European 5G Initiative
(D2.6 Final report on programme progress and KPIs)
• Website: https://5g-ppp.eu/
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5G basic tutorial
5G Frequency Bands
5G millimeter wave tutorial
5G mm wave frame
5G millimeter wave channel sounding
Difference between 4G and 5G
5G testing and test equipments
5G network architecture
5G NR Physical layer
5G NR MAC layer
5G NR RLC layer
5G NR PDCP layer