5G KPIs | 5G Key Performance Indicators

This page mentions 5G KPIs or 5G Key Performance Indicators. It describes each of the 5G KPIs along with its category and test case requirements.

Typically 5G KPIs are grouped into following major categories.
• eMBB (Enhanced mobile broadband)
• URLLC (Ultra-reliable and low-latency communications)
• mMTC (Massive machine type communications)

The 5G use cases and 5G related requirements belonging to ITU, NGMN and 3GPP have been characterized at global scale by its stakeholders since its evolution.

The 5G technology use cases include broadband access in dense areas, high user mobility, massive IoT, tactile internet, natural disaster, E-Health Services, broadcast services etc.


Following table summarizes KPIs for 5G wireless technology. These are the 5G performance requirements i.e. 5G KPIs at ITU level.

5G performance requirement type Minimum KPI requirement category
Peak Data Rate Downlink: 20 Gbps
Uplink: 10 Gbps
Peak Spectral Efficiency Downlink: 30 bits/sec/Hz
Uplink: 15 bits/sec/Hz
Data rate experienced by User Downlink: 100 Mbps
Uplink: 50 Mbps
Area Traffic Capacity Downlink: 10 Mbits/sec/m2 in indoor hotspot (eMBB test environment) eMBB
Latency (User Plane) • 4 ms for eMBB
• 1 ms for URLLC
Latency (User Plane) • 20 ms
(10 ms encouraged)
Connection Density 1 x 106 devices/Km2 mMTC
Average Spectral Efficiency (All the below figures are in units of bits/sec/Hz/TRxP)
Indoor hotspot: DL:9/ UL:6.75
Dense Urban: DL: 7.8/ UL: 5.4
Rural: DL: 3.3/UL: 1.6
Energy Efficiency • Efficient data transmission (Loaded case) : To be demonstrated by "average spectral efficiency".
• Low energy consumption (no data case): This test case should support high sleep ratio/long sleep duration.
Reliability 1 x 10-5 probability of transmitting layer-2 PDU of 32 bytes in size within 1 ms (in channel quality of coverage edge for Urban Macro-URLLC test environment.) URLLC
Mobility • Dense Urban: up to 30 Km/h
• Rural: up to 500 Km/h
Mobility Interruption Time 0 ms eMBB, URLLC
Bandwidth (Maximum Aggregated System) • At least 100 MHz
• Up to 1 GHz for operation in high frequency bands i.e. above 6 GHz


For complete details on 5G KPIs mentioned in above table refer following document on 5g-ppp.eu website.
• Euro-5g - Supporting the European 5G Initiative
(D2.6 Final report on programme progress and KPIs)
(Version: v0.2)
• Website: https://5g-ppp.eu/

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This 5G tutorial also covers following sub topics on the 5G technology:
5G basic tutorial
5G Frequency Bands
5G millimeter wave tutorial
5G mm wave frame
5G millimeter wave channel sounding
Difference between 4G and 5G
5G testing and test equipments
5G network architecture
5G NR Physical layer
5G NR MAC layer
5G NR RLC layer
5G NR PDCP layer

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