IoT based radiation monitoring system architecture

Introduction:
The system continuously measure radiation levels in various environments to ensure safety and regulatory compliance. IoT technology offers remote accessibility and effective radiation management. The system is used in nuclear facilities, healthcare premises and for environment monitoring.

Radiation Monitoring System

The system consists of various sensors, Microcontroller or microprocessor unit with wifi or cellular modules as desired and cloud server. The radiation data collected by sensors are read by microcontroller unit and uploaded to the cloud servers using wifi or cellular connection. The applications developed for android, iOS and desktop or laptop reads data from cloud servers and display the same. Moreover apps provide any deviation in these parameters from normal range. This helps radiation control or management people to take proactive action.

IoT based radiation Monitoring System

Following are the common sensors employed to monitor radiations from various sources.
• GM Tubes : Used for gamma radiation detection and monitoring. Examples include LND, Inc. 712 series, MCP series etc.
• Scintillation Detectors : Used for gamma radiation detection. Examples are Saint-Gobain EJ series, Hamamatsu R6095 series and so on.
• Solid State Detectors : Used for gamma radiation detection. Examples : Amptek XR series, Thermo Scientific PIPS series etc.
• Ionization Chambers : Used for gamma radiation monitoring. Examples : Bicron-100 series, ATOMTEX GR series etc.
• Dosimeters : USed for dose measurement, reporting and tracking. Examples : Landauer Luxel+, Mirion Instadose+ etc.
• Gamma Spectrometers : Used for gamma radiation analysis. Examples : CANBERRA Falcon series, Ortec Detective X etc.
• Neutron Detectors: Used for neutron radiation monitoring. Examples : Ludlum Model 42 series, Thermo Scientific SuperHawk etc.

Benefits or Advantages of radiation monitoring system

Following are the benefits or advantages of radiation monitoring system
1. As IoT devices monitor radiation levels continuously, it provides alerts when there is radiation leaks. This minimizes risks to human health and environment by prompting to take immediate measures.
2. It provides accurate and reliable radiation details which ensures deviations from normal levels can be detected accurately.
3. As data can be accessed from remotely using web sites and mobile apps, it is easy for radiation officers, regulatory agencies and emergency responders to monitor levels from anywhere.
4. It acts as early warning systems which helps in enabling timely evacuation or protective measures to be implemented to minimize exposure to radiations.
5. The systems can be deployed to provide comprehensive coverage of radiation sources including nuclear power plants, industrial facilities, transportation routes for radioactive materials etc.
6. The collected data can be analyzed using advanced tools to identify potential sources of radiation and assess effectiveness of radiation measures.
7. The systems help organizations to comply with radiation levels and exposure limits.
8. It helps individuals to make decisions when radiation level increases beyond safe limits.
9. These systems are very cost effective to deploy and maintain.
10. It helps to protect environment by detecting and mitigating radiation risks or contamination incidents. This minimizes impact on ecosystems and natural resources.

Overall, IoT-based radiation monitoring systems play a crucial role in ensuring radiation safety, protecting human health and the environment and supporting regulatory compliance in various industries and applications.

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