What is Net Neutrality? | What does net neutrality mean?
This page describes what is Net Neutrality. It describes basics of net neutrality and mentions what does net neutrality mean along with its functions, benefits and drawbacks.
The term "Net Neutrality" means Open internet. In this concept, ISPs (Internet Service Providers) are considered as common carriers or public carriers. ISPs must provide access to all the websites and data equally regardless of their content.
Example: As depicted in the figure-1, suppose you are watching your favourite TV shows on website#1, watching sports on website#2 and reading news on website#3. As per net neutrality regulation, ISPs are legally required to provide access to all these websites at the same speed.
➨Under previous regulations, ISPs charge premium amount from subscribers to provide fast speed connections to
website#1 and users enjoy uninterrupted TV shows on it.
➨As per new regulations, ISPs need to slow down speed of connections to website#1 and hence this will throttle the flow of streaming from it. This prompts subscribers to visit website#2 or website#3 to watch the shows.
Functions of Net Neutrality
Following are the major functions of Net Neutrality:
• User can load every websites, videos, apps, images etc. equally regardless of content location or hosting.
• It limits ISPs to charge extra or limits promotion of their specific agenda.
• It allows small companies to grow.
Advantages and disadvantages of net neutrality
The figure-2 depicts the concept behind net neutrality. There are many benefits and drawbacks of net neutrality.