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Traditional TV vs IPTV | Difference between TV and IPTV

This page compares Traditional TV vs IPTV and mentions difference between TV and IPTV.

Traditional TV

traditional TV

The figure-1 depicts traditional TV connectivity. As shown satellite dish antenna or yagi antenna is needed to receive the TV signal. There are two ways these antennas are interfaced with TV set viz. direct and indirect. In the direct mode, these antennas are directly connected with the TV set using balun. In the indirect mode, these antennas are located at the cable TV or satellite TV service provider. These antennas receive information from national and international satellites. The information later are distributed along with other video on demand to the subscribers using cable connections. In traditional approach, if user need to obtain voice or internet services they need separate subscriptions for the same from telco or ISP respectively. This is avoided with the advent of IPTV technology.


IPTV architecture

The figure-2 depicts IPTV architecture. As shown it requires separate network infrastructure. This will help in content preparation, delivery as well as storage as per users choice. The IPTV offers video, data and audio in one signal connection. This eliminates the need of having separate connections or subscriptions from telephone company, internet service provider (ISP) and cable TV service provider for voice, data and TV respectively. This saves cost and eases life of the user of these different services.
Refer IPTV tutorial >> for more information.

Features Traditional TV IPTV
About the technology It is simple and do not require on service provider if antennas are directly connected with the TV set. It requires separate and complex hardware/software in order to provide the IPTV service to the subscribers/users.
Applications only provide live video viewing and one channel at a time. User do not have any control over the program being viewed. All are managed by broadcast TV service providers. Provides live as well as on demand channel viewing. Moreover multiple channels can be viewed on the single display screen. User can pre-program which channel to be viewed and at what time. There are many other services being offered along with video such as internet, voice calls etc.
Installation The installation is simple and do not require other than antenna and balun (in direct connection) and simple coaxial line connection (in indirect connection) from cable TV service provider. Now-a-days cable TV service providers are insisting on use of STB (set top box) to obtain the TV services. The installation requires dedicated IPTV set top box and TV should be IPTV compliant. The IPTV service can also be obtained on laptop, tablet, mobile phones unlike traditional approach.
Advantages/disadvantages Three separate connections are needed to available these services from TV, internet and telco service providers in traditional approach. One IPTV connection will provide all these three services i.e. voice, data and TV (i.e. video).
Cost cheaper costly, needs separate monthly charges and other add on charges as per downloads.


Television basics tutorial
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Satellite TV basics
Digital TV basics
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