10 Advantages of Television (TV) | disadvantages of Television (TV)

The television (TV) set is widely used electronic medium for transmitting and receiving moving images and sound. It is a form of mass communication and entertainment that has become integral part of modern society. Let us explore 10 advantages and disadvantages of Television (TV) and its key components.

It is the communication tool used to relay TV signal with the help of TV frequencies (VHF/UHF). The appropriate antennas are designed to broadcast and receive TV signals having bandwidth of about 6 MHz. TV signal consists of picture and audio information.

Television System

Transmission and reception : There are two main systems in the TV system viz. transmitter and receiver. The transmitters are nothing but TV broadcasting stations and receivers are TV sets available in the household premises. TV signals are transmitted through EM waves such as radio waves, microwaves or satellite signals. The signals are picked up by antennas or satellite dishes and converted into audio and visual contents on TV screeen.
Display : Television content is displayed on a screen which can be of various types including CRT, LCD, LED or OLED screens. These screens can vary in size, from small portable TVs to large home theater setups.
Channels : TV channels are individual networks or stations that broadcast specific content. Viewers can switch between channels to access different programs and genres.
Remote control : Most televisions come with remote controls that allow viewers to change channels, adjust volume and access various functions and settings.
Cable and satellite : In addition to traditional over the air broadcasting, cable and satellite TV services have become popular. These services offer wide variety of channels and often require subscription. Satellite Television signals use C band and Ku band frequencies.
Streaming services : With the rise of internet, streaming services have become significant part of TV consumption. The platforms such as Netflix, Amazon Prime Video, Hulu and others allow users to stream content on demand over the internet.
Smart TVs : Many modern TVs are equipped with internet connectivity and are referred as smart TVs. These TVs can access online content, apps and service directly. Refer TV basics tutorial and Digital TV basics for more information.

Benefits or advantages of Television (TV)

Following are the 10 benefits or advantages of Television (TV):
1. Information source : Televison helps us to learn more about the world and things happening around us. This has become possible due to relaying of news, geography and other TV channels.
2. Visual : Television presents information in very effective way (i.e. visual presentation) . This makes things memorable easily.
3. Entertainment : It is one of the great tool for entertainment as it relays movies, reality shows, serials etc. It also helps alleviate depression of mentally suffering patients.
4. Convenience : It is one of the way to enjoy, relax and pass the time while at home or during the journey.
5. Live events : It increases popularity of sports and other games among people due to live broadcasts of sports, concerts and award shows.
6. Awareness towards society : It helps us realize our responsibilities among the society to create better environment on the earth for the people to live long and healthy life.
7. Managing children : When children annoys parents, they provide them to watch cartoon serials such as Disney, nickelodeon, Pogo etc.
8. Luxury item : It has also become luxury tool due to availability of costly LCD, Plasma and LED TVs.
9. Emergency information : Television can be used by government agencies to relay vital information related to disaster, weather forecasts, demonetization etc. This helps in spreading immediate awareness among people in both rural as well as urban areas.
10. Educational programs and documentaries on TV can provide valuable knowledge on wide range of subjects.
11. Advertisement : Television is a powerful medium for advertising and marketing products and services to a broad audidence.
12. Family time : Watching TV together can be a bonding experience for families as it provides opportunity for shared entertainment and discussion.

Drawbacks or disadvantages of Television (TV)

Following are the 10 drawbacks or disadvantages of Television (TV):
1. Impact on creativity : TV can make us passive. This makes our brain lazy as we do not apply our mind.
2. Expenditure : TV advertisements encourage us to buy things which we do not need. This incurs additional cost to us.
3. Time consumption : It takes our time away from useful activities such as reading and writing. This ruins our education if proper attention is not given.
4. Negative content : Certain TV programmes may make people violent with the relaying of crime and vulgar movies/serials. This has huge impact on our society.
5. Reduced social interaction : Television interferes with social family life and communication among family members.
6. Health issues : It damages eyes and makes people obese or fatty if watched for longer duration and with inappopriate positions.
7. Addiction : Some individuals can become addicted to television, leading to neglect of other important activities and responsibilities.
8. Cultural homogenization : Overreliance on television can contribute to the spread of a single dominant culture at the expense of local cultures and traditions.
9. Distorted Reality : TV can sometimes present an idealized or distorted view of reality, leading to unrealistic expectations and dissatisfaction with one's own life.
10. Privacy Concerns : Smart TVs and connected devices can raise privacy concerns as they can collect and transmit user data without their knowledge or consent.

Conclusion: There are numerous advantages of television which serve it as a vital source of information, education, and entertainment, while also fostering cultural awareness and providing convenient, family-friendly content. However, its excessive use can lead to various drawbacks such as health problems, social isolation, and exposure to negative or inappropriate content. Television's impact depends on how responsibly it is consumed, balancing its benefits with the potential disadvantages.

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