Advantages of Electric Car | disadvantages of Electric Car
This page covers advantages and disadvantages of Electric Car. It mentions Electric Car advantages or benefits and Electric Car disadvantages or drawbacks.
What is Electric Car?
• Electric Car is an alternative fuel automobile which uses electric motors and motor controllers for propulsion.
• It usually stores electrical energy in a capacitor or battery.
• It has become popular compare to gasoline powered cars as it creates less pollution.
• Electric cars are known as zero emission vehicles.
• The first electric car was developed in Hungary in the year 1828.
The heart of an electric car is combination of electric motor, motor's controller and batteries. The different types of batteries are used as per requirements such as Lead Acid battery, Lithium Ion, Lithium Air etc. Electric cars need charging stations.
The top electric car manufacturers include Tesla, BMW, Nissan, Chevrolet, Ford, Volkswagen, Kia etc.
Benefits or advantages of Electric Car
Following are the benefits or advantages of Electric Car:
➨It runs on electricity and hence no gas is required for its operation. Hence one can save money on gas but at the cost of electricity.
➨It does not emit gases or smoke and hence it is environment friendly vehicle.
➨It is safe to drive as electricity is being cut off from battery in case of accidents. It saves passengers from serious injuries.
➨It is very cost effective to buy and maintain electric car due to mass production and tax benefits (if any).
➨It produces less noise and hence it is user and environment friendly.
Drawbacks or disadvantages of Electric Car
Following are the drawbacks or disadvantages of Electric Car:
➨Electric recharge stations are not available at all the locations on your route. This is a major issue when you are on long drive and run out of charge.
➨As electricity is needed to recharge the electric car, it increases electricity bill.
➨Electric cars offer limited range (about 50 to 100 miles) and speed.
➨It takes about 4 to 6 hours to fully recharge the vehicle.
➨It often leads to accidents in some situations as it does not produce any noise.
➨It usually has capacity of 2 passengers which is a disadvantage when it is required to go on travel with entire family.
➨Batteries are required to be replaced at regular intervals (usually about 3 to 5 years).
➨It can not be used in cities having frequency power outages.
➨Some government organizations do not provide any incentives to buy electric cars. This leads to higher cost to buy such cars.