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Advantages of Digital Twin | disadvantages of Digital Twin

This page covers advantages and disadvantages of Digital Twin Technology. It mentions benefits or advantages of Digital Twin and drawbacks or disadvantages of Digital Twin.

What is Digital Twin Technology ?

Introduction:
The digital replica of living or non-living physical entities are known as digital twins. It can be applied to physical assets, people, processes, places, devices and systems that can be used for various purposes.

It is also referred as computer based versions of anything that physically exists. Cloud based virtual image of asset is maintained throughout the lifecycle and it is easily accessible at any time. Using this single platform, all the experts are brought together for powerful analysis, insight and diagnostics.

Digital Twin Technology Concept

In other words, digital twin is a cloud based virtual model of a process, product or service. The digital twins are mainly of two types viz. DTP (Digital Twin Prototype) and DTI (Digital Twin Instance). They are operated in a digital twin environment (DTE).

Digital twin is a real mapping of all components in a product life cycle using physical data, virtual data and interaction between these data. Digital twins integrate IoT (Internet of Things), AI (Artificial Intelligence), ML (Machine Learning) and software analytics with special network graphs to create living digital simulation models.

The digital twin technology finds applications in several sectors e.g. energy and utilities, aeropace and defence, automotive transportation, machines manufacture, healthcare and consumer goods.

Some of the leading players in digital twin sector are Oracle, Microsoft, General Electric, PTC, Siemens, ANSYS, IBM, Dassault System etc.

Benefits or advantages of Digital Twin

Following are the benefits or advantages of Digital Twin:
➨Industry can monitor constant stream of usage and performance data in real time.
➨Industry can combine end to end asset or product life cycle data into digital threads.
➨Industries support new products as a service business model.
➨It drives innovations in manufacturing, R&D, supply chain management, service and logistics.
➨Digital twins help to accelerate medical innovation. Digital twins are helping in research of tumours and development of new drugs.
➨These tools help doctors accurately optimize peformance of patient specific treatment plans. This technology can bring life saving innovation to market faster, reduce medical cost and increase patient safety.
➨By creating digital twin of a hospital, one can observe potential changes in operational strategy, capacities, staffing and care delivery models.

Drawbacks or disadvantages of Digital Twin

Following are the drawbacks or disadvantages of Digital Twin:
➨The success of technology is dependent on internet connectivity.
➨The security is at stake.
➨The digital twins concept is based on 3D CAD models and not on 2D drawings.
➨Digital twin will be required across entire supply chains.
➨The challenges involved here include globalization and new manufacturing techniques. Managing all these design data for digital twin among partners and suppliers as the physical product evolves will be a challenge.



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