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GSM Tutorial-page4


This tutorial section on GSM basics covers following sub topics:
Main Page  Frame  Burst types  PHY  gsm stack  speech processing  ARFCN  Channel types  GSM Security  Network Entry  Mobile basics 


Speech processing through gsm physical layer

GSM physical layer is nothing but the modules through which speech will pass through before they are transmitted in the air. These modules are depicted in the figure below.

This page on GSM tutorial covers GSM speech processing modules at layer-1 i.e. Physical layer.

gsm physical layer

Fig.4 GSM Physical Layer

These modules are speech coding, channel coding, interleaving, ciphering, burst assembly, modulation. Speech coding block uses 13kbps RELP (Residually Excited Linear Predictive coder). Channel coding block uses convolution coding of rate 1/2 with constraint length of 5. Interleaving block does diagonal interleaving, after 456 encoded bits in 20ms duration are broken into 57 bits sub-blocks.

There will be about total 8 sub blocks of 57 bits each. Ciphering block uses A3 and A5 encryption algorithms. Encryption is changed call by call to enhance privacy. Burst assembly block frames the burst as required by GSM frame structure. The same is modulated and Gaussian filtered. Modulation block minimizes the occupied BW using GMSK modulation with BT of 0.3. For more details on GSM Physical layer refer our page in articles section with link mentioned below in related links.

RELATED LINKS

GSM protocol stack which covers GSM layer 1, layer 2 and layer 3 basics.Read More
GSM Physical layer or GSM layer 1 modules in depth.READ MORE
GSM Mobile originated call flow,READ MORE
GSM Mobile Terminated call flow,READ MORE
GSM downlink packet switched data call, READ MORE
GSM uplink packet switched data call, READ MORE
Circuit Switching(CS) versus Packet Switching(PS), READ MORE

               

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