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Over The Horizon Radar (OTH Radar) Basics


This tutorial section on radar basics covers following sub topics:
Main Page   Terminology   Measurements   Doppler Radar   FMCW RADAR   BANDs   RADAR SCOPE   Weather Radar   Ground radar   RANGE and RESOLUTION   Range calculator  


This page covers OTH Radar (Over The Horizon Radar) Basics. It also mentions working operation of Over The Horizon Radar (OTH Radar).

There are different layers around the earth in the atmosphere viz. Troposphere(upto 12Km), Stratosphere(from 12 to 50Km), Mesosphere (From 50 to 80Km) and Thermosphere (above 80Km). Thermosphere is further made of two layers viz. Ionosphere (from 80 to 400Km) and Exosphere(above 400Km).

It is the Ionosphere which is used in OTH radar as radio frequency waves reflect back to earth from this layer. This layer helps in long range surveillance applications.

Working Operation of Over The Horizon Radar-OTH Radar

OTH-Over the Horizon Radar

The figure depicts OTH radar used for long range detection of aeroplanes and ships. The OTH radar can detect objects as far as 1000 to 3000 Km. As it detects the objects beyond the radar horizon range with the help of ionosphere, it is known as Over-the-horizon or OTH radar.

The Over The Horizon Radar operates in HF frequency range from 5 to 30 MHz. It is used as early warning radar applications. Let us understand how it works.

Like other radar system, OTH radar transmits powerful RF signal in the HF band using large size antenna. This signal reaches the target after reflecting from ionosphere layer above the earth. This signal gets reflected from the target and returns back to the receiving antenna of OTH radar using the same route. There are two separate antennas used in OTH radar one for transmission and the other for reception.


               

RADAR RELATED LINKS

RADAR tutorial
Doppler Radar
FMCW RADAR
RADAR BANDs
RADAR SCOPE
Weather Radar
Ground Penetrating Radar System
RADAR RANGE and RESOLUTION

Radar calculators

Following are useful radar calculators to calculate radar range, radar PRF, radar resolution etc.
Radar Range calculator
Radar PRF vs Range
Radar Range Resolution

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