Home of RF and Wireless Vendors and Resources

One Stop For Your RF and Wireless Need

Optical Detector basics

This page describes optical detector basics and mention quantum efficiency and responsivity of optical detector.

The optical detector is used in fiber optic communication system in the receiver part. It is used to convert light sources into corresponding voltage pulses. Refer fiber optic tutorial for more.

Optical detector used is normally avalanche photo diode or PIN diode. Optical detector must have high sensitivity, high fidelity, short response time and stability within the range of operation.

Quantum Efficiency of Optical Detector

Quantum efficiency of optical detector is given by
ηD = electron generation rate/incident photon rate
ηD = re/rp,
Where re and rp are electron generation rate and photon generation rate respectively.

Responsivity of Optical Detector

Responsivity gives the transfer characteristics of detector and is equal to following:
R = Ip/Po A/W ,
Ip is the photo current
Po is incident photon power
Po = Photon rate x hf
Po = rp x hf
re = η*Po/hf
Now, R = Ip/Po = e*re/Po = ηD*e/hf ,
Where, Ip = e*re

There is always a trade-off between speed of operation and sensitivity of detector.

What is Difference between

PDH vs SDH
SONET versus SDH
CAS vs CCS
FDMA Vs. TDMA Vs. CDMA
difference between FDM and OFDM
Difference between SC-FDMA and OFDM
Difference between TDD and FDD
FDM vs TDM

What is?

what is wireless ?
what is zigbee?
what is Bluetooth?
what is lightwave RF?
what is z-wave?
what is infrared?

RF and Wireless Terminologies


Share this page

Translate this page