X-Ray vs millimeter wave | Difference between X-Ray and millimeter wave
This page compares X-Ray vs millimeter wave (i.e. mm-wave) and mentions difference between X-Ray and millimeter wave (i.e. mm-wave).
|Definition||The term X-Ray is derived from X-radiation. It is form of electromagnetic radiation. It has wavelength longer compare to Gamma rays and shorter compare to UV rays.||Millimeter waves occupy EM spectrum from 30 GHz to 300 GHz band. They are radio frequency waves which travels at speed of light.|
|Wavelength||0.01 to 10 nanometers||1 mm to 10 mm|
|Frequency||30 petahertz to 30 exahertz i.e. 3 x 1016 Hz to 3 x 1019 Hz||30 GHz to 300 GHz|
|Transmit Power||It is about 0.1 Watt to 1 Watt or 20 to 30 dBm , which depends on X-ray machine type and application usage.||EIRP of about 40 dBm for 57 GHz to 71 GHz frequency range.|
|Cost||Analog X-Ray units cost $40 K to $80 where as Digital X-Ray units cost $125K to $235K.||Millimeter wave scanners cost about $180K which are used at airports for full body scanning.|
|Advantages||• It has low radiation compare to CT scan.
• They are not absorbed very much by air.
• It helps to diagnose tumours easily without the need of surgery.
• They are widely used by radiologists to identify cracks or any injury inside or around bones.
|• It is used for low power and less distance communication.
• It allows use of high EIRP.
• It is widely used in wireless communication (e.g. 802.11ad, wirelessHD, 5G NR) due to high bandwidth and high data rate applications.
• 3D image can be obtained using mm wave scanners.
|Disadvantages||• X-ray does not provide 3D information.
• Due to its radiation, it mutates cells which causes ionisation which causes cancer.
• Bones can block significant diagnostic data as it absorbs radiation.
|• It is very much absorbed in the air due to water molecules and oxygen
• They can not penetrate through the walls.
|Applications||medical imaging used to treat cancer and to explore cosmos, to produce images of the bones to check for cracks or fractures||mm-wave therapy is used in medical processes at wavelength of 7.5 to 4.3 mm to treat various diseases as well as to treat pain. Millimeter waves are also used in motion sensors, radars, intrusion alarms, automatic doors, collision avoidance systems etc. They are also used in millimeter wave wireless systems such as WiGig, 5G NR etc.|
X-Ray and Millimeter wave related links
Digital X-Ray vs MRI System
what is 5G millimeter wave
millimeter wave frequency bands
millimeter wave vs microwave
Advantages and disadvantages of X-Ray
Advantages and disadvantages of mm-wave radar
Millimeter wave products
What is Difference between
difference between FDM and OFDM
Difference between SC-FDMA and OFDM
Difference between SISO and MIMO
Difference between TDD and FDD
Difference between 802.11 standards viz.11-a,11-b,11-g and 11-n
OFDM vs OFDMA
CDMA vs GSM
Bluetooth vs zigbee
Fixed wimax vs mobile