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X Band Frequency Values | X Band Frequency Advantages, Applications

This page mentions X Band Frequency Values, X Band Frequency Applications and advantages of X Band frequency.

Frequency Band Designation Frequency Range Wavelength
X Band 8 to 12 GHz 3.8 to 2.5 cm

The X band frequency lies between C Band and Ku Band as shown in the figure-1 below. As mentioned in the table, it lies from 8 GHz to 12 GHz in the frequency spectrum with wavelengths between 2.5 centimeters to 3.8 centimeters. It is part of SHF (Super High Frequency) in the EM (Electromagnetic) spectrum.

From 8 to 12 GHz band, 8.175 to 8.4 GHz band of frequencies are allocated for communication applications as outlined below. RF center frequency of about 8.2 GHz is used for the same.

X Band Frequency Advantages

Following are the advantages of X Band Frequency over other frequency bands.
➨Rain fading is dominant in radio frequencies above 10 GHz. Hence X Band does not have much interference from rain fading compare to other higher frequency bands such as Ku band and Ka band.
➨It has lower noise and hence it is reliable band for high data and low noise data communications.
➨X band performs better with smaller antennas and can handle higher power.

X Band Frequency Applications

X Band Frequency

Following are the applications of X Band Frequency.
• Used in satellites for the Earth exploration purpose.
• Used in fixed and mobile satellites for communications from earth to space direction i.e. uplink.
• Used in meteorological satellites for monitoring weather conditions. It uses 8.175 GHz to 8.215 GHz frequencies for this purpose.

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