LTE Cat0 for M2M | LTE-M Rel Cat-0 Cat-1 Cat-4
This page describes LTE cat0 for M2M applications. The page covers LTE-M releases Cat-0 (Category-0), Cat-1 and LTE-M Cat-4.
About M2M: The IoT refers to inter-connection and autonomous exchange of data among devices which are machines or machine parts. These features bring greater user experience and increases system efficiency. The machine to machine communication is required to support emerging growth of IoT(Internet of Things). The data communication among various devices without need of human interaction is known as M2M communication. M2M communication include data communication between devices & server or between device to device. This M2M communication can happen either directly or using network. M2M applications are widely used in vehicle tracking, user and home security, banking, remote monitoring and smart grid. The cellular communication is pioneered by the M2M services. As per study by ABI, it has been estimated that about 200 million units(modules) of cellular M2M are available by the year 2020.
About LTE: 2G, 3G technology based modules are dominating cellular M2M. Due to fast growth seen in LTE technology, soon cellular M2M will also be dominated by 4G technology based modules. 4G standard supports both TDD (time division duplex) and FDD (frequency division duplex) topologies. Both of these modes use a common sub-frame structure of 1 ms in size. LTE technology was basically designed for high data rate broadband requirements. M2M applications require low data rate. Though M2M features are added in 3GPP release-12, LTE standard is not optimized yet to support low data rate requirements of M2M in devices such as sensors, smart meters etc.
Following M2M requirements are needed in LTE compliant networks.
These are key driving factors for the success of LTE-M.
• Long battery life
• Wide service spectrum
• Low cost connected devices
• Support of device volumes
• Enhanced coverage
LTE-M release 12 optimizations for cost
LTE Rel-12 version introduces new device category ("Cat0")
which supports low complexity requirements of the system.
These device specifications are reduced to achieve lower cost and complexity in
• FDD in half duplex mode, as duplex filter is not needed in this type of design.
• In LTE-M, device receiver bandwidth is reduced to 1.4MHz. This makes the LTE-M device much simpler.
• Single receiver chain is incorporated in LTE-M device. This results into elimination of dual receiver chain for RX diversity.
• It is used for low data rates. The complexity and cost are lower due to reduced memory as well as processing power requirements.
Following table mentions features of various LTE-M evolution which includes rel-8 Cat-4, rel-8 Cat-1, rel-12 Cat-0 and rel-13.
LTE Technology related links
What is LTE?
EARFCN vs frequency
FDD vs TDD
UE cell search UE network entry Timers PSS vs SSS LTE RS DMRS SRS LTE Channels BW vs FS vs RB Zadoff chu sequence LTE Advanced eNodeB Measurements UE Measurements SC-FDMA Vs OFDMA LTE Security