Home of RF and Wireless Vendors and Resources

One Stop For Your RF and Wireless Need

IoT Wireless Technologies OR IoT Wireless Standards


This tutorial section on IoT (Internet of Things) covers following sub topics:
Main IoT tutorial  IoT section  IoT article  Cellular IoT  Components  Sensors  INDIAN companies  Antenna Types  Wireless technologies  IoT transceiver  SoC 


This page covers IoT wireless technologies. The IoT wireless standards covered are wifi, Z-wave, bluetooth, zigbee, THREAD, RFID, NFC, GPRS, EDGE, UMTS, LTE, ANT+, Cognitive radio, weightless N/W etc. Companies are developing products as per wireless standards outlined here. The idea is to develop IoT product which addresses following key challenges.

• Trade off between power, data rate and coverage range
• Interoperability between wireless standards
• security aspects
• Prevention of interference and failure modes


Wireless Standard N/W
type
USA
Frequency
Max.
range
Max.
data
rate
and power
Secu-
rity
WiFi IEEE
802.11a,
11b,
11g,
11n,
11ac, 11ad
WLAN
2.4 ,
3.6,
5,
60 GHz
100m, 6-780 Mbps 6.75 Gbps at 60 GHz
1 Watt
WEP,
WPA,
WPA2
Z-wave Z-wave Mesh 908.42
MHz
30m 100Kbps, 1 mW Triple DES
Bluetooth Bluetooth,
Formerly
IEEE
802.15.1
WPAN 2400 to
2483.5
MHz
100m 1 to 3 Mbps, 1 Watt 56/
128 bit
Bluetooth
Smart(BLE)
IoT
Inter-
connect
WPAN 2400 to
2483.5
MHz
100m 1Mbps, 10-500 mW 128 bit AES
Zigbee IEEE 802.15.4 Mesh 2400-
2483.5
MHz
10m 250 Kbps, 1mW 128 bit
THREAD IEEE 802.15.4, 6LoWPAN Mesh 2400 to
2483.5
MHz
11m 251 Kbps , 2 mWatt 128 bit AES
RFID Many standards Point to
Point
13.56
MHz
1 m 423 Kbps, about 1mW Possible
NFC ISO/IEC 13157 Point to
Point
13.56
MHz
0.1m 424 Kbps,1 to 2 mW Possible
GPRS 3GPP GERAN GSM
850 ,
1900
MHz
25 Km/
10 Km
171 Kbps
2W/1W
GEA2/
GEA3
/GEA4
EDGE 3GPP GERAN GSM 850/
1900
26 Km/
10 Km
384 Kbps,
3W/1W
A5/4, A5/3
HSDPA/
HSUPA
3GPP UTRAN 850/
1700/
1900
MHz
27 Km/
10 Km
0.73-56 Mbps,
4W/1W
USIM
LTE 3GPP GERAN/
UTRAN
700-2600 MHz 28 Km/
10Km
0.1-1Gbps ,
5W/1W
SNOW 3G
Stream Cipher
ANT+ ANT+
Alliance
WSN 2.4
GHz
100 m 1Mbps,
1mW
AES-128
Cognitive Radio IEEE 802.22 WG WRAN 54-862
MHz
100 Km 24 Mbps,
1 W
AES-
GCM
Weightless
-N/W
Weightless SIG LPWAN 700/
900
MHz
5 Km 0.001-10 Mbps,
40mW/4W
128bit


As there are wireless devices designed and developed based on different wireless standards as outlined above, the biggest challenge is interoperability between these devices in the IoT network. The other challenge is interference among these devices due to frequency of operation either in the same band or nearby bands. The radiated power is also the critical factor to be considered for interference related issues.

Link to IoT Wireless Technologies

WLAN   ➤THREAD   ➤EnOcean   ➤LoRa   ➤SIGFOX   ➤WHDI   ➤Zigbee  ➤6LoWPAN  ➤Zigbee RF4CE  ➤Z-Wave  ➤NFC  ➤RFID  ➤Lonworks  ➤CEBus  ➤UPB 

RF and Wireless Terminologies


Share this page

Translate this page