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INSTEON vs zigbee-difference between INSTEON and zigbee

This page covers basic comparison between INSTEON and zigbee technologies. It covers difference between INSTEON and zigbee technologies.

About INSTEON: It is a technology which enables networking of low cost devices using powerline, radio frequency or both. Hence it is referred as dual network. All the INSTEON devices function as peers which means they can transmit, can receive as well as repeat messages without the need of master controller or routing software. By adding more devices will make INSTEON network more strong as devices repeat each other's messages by simulcasting them at proper time. Hence more are the devices, stronger is the INSTEON signal. INSTEON network is of mesh type. It operates in ISM frequency band.

About ZIGBEE: It is a low rate Wireless Personal Area Network technology. Zigbee network consists of coordinators(one per network), FFDs(Full Function Devices) acting as routers and RFDs(Reduced Function devices) which are not routers but end devices. Zigbee uses routing AODV protocol to route the information from one end device to the other. Zigbee uses 2.4 GHz(Worldwide), 915 MHz(USA) and 868 MHz(Europe) frequency bands for operation.

Following table mentions difference between INSTEON and Zigbee technologies.

Specifications INSTEON Zigbee
Media operates using both powerline as well as radio frequency Zigbee operates using only Radio Frequency(RF)
network topology Full mesh type Partial routed mesh, partial star
Message propagation Using simulcasting Using routing of messages based on AODV routing protocol
Message type They are backwards and forwards compatible In zigbee they are specific to revision level and profile
Device types in the network They are peers in INSTEON Divided into FFDs and RFDs as mentioned , also need one network coordinator per network
Network installation Does not require any separate network enrollment, it is automatic It is part of installation procedure to have this at the start
It uses FSK radios in one band per market(915 MHz) It uses DSSS in two bands per market
Frequency range 915 MHz 2.4GHz, 868 MHz and 915MHz
Data rate 38.4 Kbps instantaneous at 915MHz 20Kbps instantaneous at 868MHz
40Kbps instantaneous at 915MHz
250Kbps instantaneous at 2.4GHz
Powerline Available (supports 131.65KHz carrier with BPSK modulation) Not available
Powerline data rate 1034 bps user data
1440bps standard message payload
1698bps extended message payload
Not supported
X10 standard compliance Supports Do not support
Addressing 24 bit pre-assigned 64 bit IEEE address/16 bit short address(65536 devices)
Powerline phase bridging RF/Hardware Not supported
Message length 15 or 33 bytes variable, 128 byte max.

Difference between INSTEON and Z-wave, Zigbee, X10 and HomePlug

INSTEON vs Zigbee   INSTEON vs X10  INSTEON vs HomePlug  INSTEON vs Z-wave

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