Advantages of Vertical Farming | disadvantages of Vertical Farming
This page covers advantages and disadvantages of Vertical Farming. It mentions Vertical Farming advantages or benefits and Vertical Farming disadvantages or drawbacks.
What is Vertical Farming?
• The practice of producing food/medicine in vertically stacked layers is known as vertical farming. Here plants are grown in vertical layers.
• They can also use vertical inclined surfaces or other structures e.g. used warehouse, skyscraper or shipping container.
• Modern vertical farming uses indoor techniques in controlled environment to meet the vegetation environment requirements. The various environmental parameters such as light, temperature, humidity, gases etc. are controlled as per need.
Vertical farming rely on data from agriculture Sensors to establish and maintain ideal growing conditions. The figure-1 depicts one such vertical farming.
Benefits or advantages of Vertical Farming
Following are the benefits or advantages of Vertical Farming:
➨Due to proper management of environmental parameters, herbicides or pesticides or fertilizers are not required. Hence the crop production is organic and healthy.
➨They have potential to yield more in small places compare to traditional farming.
➨They reduce CO2 emissions/pollution by decreasing reliance on coal-burning power plants and eliminating use of vehicles to transport food over long distances. Moreover vertical farms use renewable sources of energy which has many benefits.
➨Water can be used more effectively in a vertical farm.
➨It reduces deforestation and land use to a minimum. This reduces erosion and hence leads to less flooding.
➨No weather issues and hence no crop failures due to droughts, floods etc. Hence it helps in getting year round crops.
➨It is possible to have such farms in traditionally difficult environments such as tropics, arctic, space, moon etc.
Drawbacks or disadvantages of Vertical Farming
Following are the drawbacks or disadvantages of Vertical Farming:
➨They rely on data collected from sensors in order to maintain ideal growing conditions.
➨Initial cost of installation is not attractive to the developers.
➨It leads to potential loss of traditional farming jobs. It displaces entire agricultural societies.
➨Only limited variety of plants or vegetables can be grown. This is due to the fact that all plants are not suitable to be grown in the controlled and limited environment.