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AWS IoT Architecture Components | AWS IoT Architecture Working

This page covers AWS IoT Architecture components, console and describes AWS IoT Architecture working operation. It also mentions benefits of AWS IoT architecture.

Introduction:
We have seen cloud computing which use remote servers available on the internet in order to store, manage and process data instead of local server or your personal PC. It helps in solving basic limitations of traditional website hosting. This is due to following benefits of cloud computing.
• Users do not require to buy expensive servers. The data can be put on cloud servers.
• The server capacity grows based on traffic load automatically. Hence users need not have to worry about scalability of the servers.
• The management and maintenance of servers are taken care by cloud providers.

AWS is introduced in the cloud computing market by Amazon. The other platforms are Azure Sphere by Microsoft, Bluemix by IBM cloud and other in-house platforms. AWS occupies about 31% of global cloud computing market share and offers about 6 times server capacity compare to its competitors.

Following are the applications of AWS IoT leveraged by various companies.
• Enel, a power company uses AWS as IoT platform for energy management
• Rio Tinto, a mining company uses AWS IoT to determine realtime heatmaps of road roughness. This allows them to optimize wear and tear on use of heavy equipments.
• Symentec's router and security solutions firms utilize AWS IoT in the backend.
• Philips uses AWS IoT to provide better services in health care sector.

AWS IoT Services

➨(Things based services) : AWS IoT services such as Amazon FreeRTOS and AWS Greengrass allows customers to securely connect with their asset, to collect data and take intelligent actions locally even when internet connectivity is not available. Amazon FreeRTOS is free and open source IoT based operating system for microcontrollers used in edge devices where most of the data are generated in an IoT network. AWS Greengrass is software runtime which installs on edge devices and helps in performing local actions quickly and much more. It helps in routing local messages even when internet connectivity is lost. It supports OTA (Over The Air) interface and hence new features are upgradable over the air.
➨(Cloud based services) : AWS IoT services for this include AWS IoT Core, AWS IoT device management and AWS IoT Device defender. This helps customers in fleet management of devices.
➨The AWS IoT Analytics tool allows customers to easily analyze their IoT data. This AWS IoT analytics can be integrated with Amazon QuickSight and Amazon SageMaker

AWS IoT Architecture Components | AWS IoT Architecture Working

AWS IoT network is managed cloud platform which helps devices (i.e. "things") to interact with cloud applications and other devices securely and easily. As shown IoT Gateway is required to connect things with cloud network. Refer IoT tutorial for more information on IoT applications, devices, cellular IoT and so on. AWS IoT combines IoT network with AWS architecture components to provide scalable, secure, reliable and more efficient services to the users. AWS IoT supports billions of devices and trillions of messages. It processes them and route them to AWS end points as well as to other IoT devices. Applications allow communication between devices even if they are not connected with internet.

AWS IoT Architecture Components
Image Courtesy: Amazon Web Services

• AWS IoT enables creation of resources which are needed to send, to receive, and to process MQTT messages originated from devices.
• It helps in publishing IoT messages to Amazon DynamoDB tables required to persist time-series data.
• It visualizes real-time data using a serverless web applications with the help of AWS Lambda, API Gateway and Amazon S3.
• AWS Management Console allows users to access and to manage AWS through simple and intuitive web based user interface. It allows login to AWS IoT console using simple sign up procedure.

Benefits or Advantages of AWS IoT Architecture

Following are the benefits or advantages of AWS IoT Architecture:
➨AWS IoT is serverless and hence customers can take full benefit of elasticity of AWS cloud.
➨Customers do not have to worry about scalability as AWS IoT itself is scalable network.
➨Moreover customers need to pay only for what they use.
➨It has built in authentication and authorization to keep IoT solutions and devices safe. The AWS IoT device defender keeps entire fleet of devices secure. It also monitors abnormal behaviour of the devices. It helps in identifying anomalies, generate alerts and take corrective action accordingly.
➨The tool such as AWS IoT analytics helps in analysis of IoT data.
➨The tool such as AWS IoT 1-click helps in selecting and ordering fully provisioned devices. It is possible to deploy and configure these devices using single click through mobile app. This is possible using activation of lambda functions with 1-click. Refer advantages and disadvantages of AWS (Amazon Web Services) >> for more information.



Cloud Storage Related Links

Main IoT tutorial
Cloud Storage tutorial
what is cloud storage
Public vs private vs hybrid cloud types
Cloud storage infrastructure
Cloud storage working
traditional cloud vs cloud storage
cloud storage providers
cloud storage security


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RF and Wireless Terminologies


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