5G speed vs 5G range-What is the value of 5G speed,5G range
This page defines 5G speed vs 5G range and mentions values of 5G speed and 5G range covered by 5G network.
What is 5G?
• 5G stands for Fifth Generation Wireless technology used for voice and data calls.
• It is cellular wireless technology similar to GSM (2G), CDMA (3G) and LTE/LTE-advanced (4G).
• It is defined in 3GPP NR specifications under various sections like 4G (LTE).
• It operates in various licensed and unlicensed bands e.g. below 1 GHz, below 6 GHz and above 6 GHz.
• It uses multiple antenna technologies such as Massive MIMO and advanced modulation techniques such as OFDM, FBMC, UFMC and GFDM etc.
• It has latency of less than about 1ms which minimizes connection setup time and delivers ultimate user experience with 5G network.
The figure-1 depicts 5G deployment scenarios in which 5G smartphones can be used. There are two modes viz. standalone and non-standalone. In non-standalone mode, 5G smartphone can leverage benefits of existing cellular network such as LTE/LTE-a. In standalone mode, 5G smartphone operates independant of any previous cellular networks. In this mode, it relies only on 5G network for control signaling as well as data channels.
• The term 5G speed refers to ratio of data transmitted in units of time over 5G cellular network.
It is also known as 5G throughput.
• It is usually measured in Mbps or Gbps.
• The link from 5G smartphone towards 5G network (i.e. gNB or base station) is known as uplink where as the link from 5G network to smartphone is known as downlink. The speed or throughput in both downlink and uplink are different due to various parameters such as resource allocation, modulation schemes, MIMO, BF etc.
• 5G Speeds of about 20 Gbps in the downlink and 10 Gbps in the uplink are benchmarked by 5G operators once the 5G network matures.
• Recently many operators have achieved 5G throughput or 5G speed in the range of about 5Gbps.
• 5G network cell towers can support dozens of antennas in MIMO configuration in comparison to 4G LTE network cells which support maximum of 8 transmitters and 4 receivers.
5G Range | 5G coverage range
• Usually in cellular technology, range refers to area covered by cell towers to provide
service to mobile phones or smartphones. It is also known as coverage range.
In 5G network terminology, it refers to the range from 5G small cells to
5G compatible mobile phones or smartphones.
• 5G range is lesser than supported by 4G LTE or 3G networks. It is more of equivalent to wifi range than cellular range. This is due to number of factors as explained below.
• In 5G, mobile phones are connected to 5G small cells placed very close to them. These small 5G cells are connected with 5G cell towers in order to extend coverage in non-accessible areas. The 5G coverage concept is shown in the figure-2 above. This is due to the fact that 5G frequencies have lower wavelengths and they can not easily penetrate into solid objects such as walls, trees, cars etc.
• Small cells are portable base stations placed every few hundred meters (about 250 meters)
throughout the city to provide cellular coverage. They are like wifi APs which operates in licensed spectrum and
managed by network operators.
• The table shows different 5G range supported by 5G small cell types. As mentioned typically 5G cell type viz. metro cell covers range in few hundred meters.
5G NR Numerology | 5G NR Terminology
5G NR Control channels | 5G NR Traffic Channels | 5G NR Reference Signals and sequences
5G TECHNOLOGY RELATED LINKS
This 5G tutorial also covers following sub topics on the 5G technology:
5G basic tutorial
5G Frequency Bands
5G millimeter wave tutorial
5G mm wave frame
5G millimeter wave channel sounding
Difference between 4G and 5G
5G testing and test equipments
5G network architecture
5G network slicing
5G TF vs 5G NR
5G NR Physical layer
5G NR MAC layer
5G NR RLC layer
5G NR PDCP layer
5G Speed | LTE Speed | GSM Speed Related Links
What is Difference between
difference between 3G and 4G
difference between 4G and 5G
difference between 4.5G, 4.9G, 4G and 5G
difference between FDM and OFDM
Difference between SC-FDMA and OFDM
Difference between SISO and MIMO
Difference between TDD and FDD
Difference between 802.11 standards viz.11-a,11-b,11-g and 11-n
OFDM vs OFDMA
CDMA vs GSM
Bluetooth vs zigbee