Home of RF and Wireless Vendors and Resources

One Stop For Your RF and Wireless Need

4G vs 5G-Difference between 4G and 5G

The telecommunication industry is seeing rapid growth in the last few decades. The wireless mobile communication standards are the major contributors. This growth has seen many generations from 1G, 2G, 3G, 4G and 5G. Each of these generations have various wireless technologies, data rates, modulation techniques, capacities and features compare to the other.

1G-First Generation Mobile Communication System

Data capacity: 2Kbps
Technology: Analog Wireless
Standard: AMPS
Multiplexing: FDMA
Switching type: Circuit
Service: Voice only
Main Network: PSTN
Handoff supported: Horizontal
Frequency: 800 to 900MHz

2G-Second Generation Mobile Communication System

Data capacity: 10Kbps
Technology: Digital Wireless
Standard: CDMA, TDMA, GSM
Multiplexing: TDMA, CDMA
Switching type: Circuit
Service: Voice and data
Main Network: PSTN
Handoff supported: Horizontal
Frequency: 850MHz to 1900MHz(GSM) and 825MHz to 849MHz (CDMA)

Following sections mention difference between 2.5G and 2.75G.

2.5G

Data capacity: 200Kbps
Technology: GPRS
Standard: Supported TDMA/GSM
Multiplexing: TDMA, CDMA
Switching type: Packet Switch
Service: MMS internet
Main Network: GSM TDMA
Frequency: 850MHz to 1900MHz

2.75G

Data capacity: 473Kbps
Technology:EDGE
Standard: GSM,CDMA
Multiplexing: TDMA, CDMA
Switching type: Packet Switch
Main Network: WCDMA
Frequency: 850MHz to 1900MHz

3G-Third Generation Mobile Communication System

Data capacity: 384Kbps
Technology:Broadband/IP technology, FDD and TDD
Standard: CDMA,WCDMA,UMTS,CDMA2000
Multiplexing: CDMA
Switching type: Packet and Circuit Switch
Service:High speed voice, data and video Main Network: Packet Network
Handoff: Horizontal
Frequency: 1.6 to 2.5 GHz
Refer 2G vs 3G for difference between 2G and 3G.

3.5G

Data capacity: 2Mbps
Technology:GSM/3GPP
Standard: HSDPA/HSUPA
Multiplexing: CDMA
Switching type: Packet Switch
Service Type: High Speed Voice/Data/Video Main Network: GSM, TDMA
Handoff: Horizontal
Frequency: 1.6 to 2.5 GHz

3.75G

Data capacity: 30 Mbps
Standard:1XEVDO
Multiplexing: CDMA
Switching type: Packet Switch
Service: High speed internet/ Multi-media
Handoff type: Horizontal
Frequency: 1.6 to 2.5 GHz

4G-Fourth Generation Mobile Communication System

This generation of systems are totally IP based technology with capacity of 100Mbps to 1Gbps. It is used for both indoor and outdoor applications. The main function of 4G technology is to deliver high quality, high speed, high capacity, low cost services. It is mainly used for voice, multimedia and internet over IP based traffic. The technologies driving 4G growth are LTE and WiMAX. Refer difference between 3G and 4G wireless technologies.

5G-Fifth Generation Mobile Communication System

These 5th generation of systems are driven by OFDM, MC-CDMA, LAS-CDMA, UWB, Network LMDS and IPV6.

Following table compares 4G vs 5G technologies and mentions difference between 4G and 5G wireless technologies. It mentions basic comparison between 4G and 5G.


Specifications 4G 5G
Full form Fourth Generation Fifth Generation
Data Bandwidth 2Mbps to 1Gbps 1Gbps and higher as per need
Frequency Band 2 to 8 GHz 3 to 300 GHz
standards Al access convergence including OFDMA,MC-CDMA,network-LMPS CDMA and BDMA
technologies unified IP, seamless integration of broadband LAN/WAN/PAN and WLAN Unified IP, seamless integration of broadband LAN/WAN/PAN/WLAN and advanced technologies based on OFDM modulation used in 5G
service Dynamic information access, wearable devices, HD streaming, global roaming Dynamic information access, werable devices, HD streaming, any demand of users
Multiple Access CDMA CDMA,BDMA
Core network All IP network Flatter IP network, 5G network interfacing(5G-NI)
Handoff Horizontal and vertical Horizontal and vertical
Initiation from year-2010 year-2015

6G Mobile Communication System

6G systems will have integration of 5G along with satellite network. Following are the satellite systems developed in different countries:
• GPS (by USA)
• COMPASS (by China)
• Galileo (by EU)
• GLONASS (by Russia)
It supports local vocie coverage and other features.

7G Mobile Communication System

The 7G network will be same as 6G. In addition 7G defines satellite functionalities in wireless mobile communication. This will provide many features and take care of all the drawbacks of previous generation of mobile wireless communication systems. The major factor here will be cost of phone call and other services. It provides seamless movement of mobile phone from one country to the other. This will be major benefits for frequent international travellers.

5G TECHNOLOGY RELATED LINKS

5G network architecture

This 5G tutorial also covers following sub topics on the 5G technology:
5G tutorial
5G testing and test equipments
5G network architecture
5G millimeter wave

Useful Links on 3G, 4G

4G   3G   3G vs 4G-Difference between 3G and 4G


What is Difference between

difference between FDM and OFDM
Difference between SC-FDMA and OFDM
Difference between SISO and MIMO
Difference between TDD and FDD
Difference between 802.11 standards viz.11-a,11-b,11-g and 11-n
OFDM vs OFDMA
CDMA vs GSM
Bluetooth vs zigbee

RF and Wireless Terminologies


Share this page

Translate this page