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Difference between Load factor vs Demand factor vs Diversity factor

This page compares Load factor vs Demand factor vs Diversity factor and mentions formulas or equations of them.

Load Factor

It is ratio of average load to maximum demand during certain period of time (e.g. day/month/year) is called load factor. Following formula is used to calculate Load Factor.

Load factor = Average Demand/Maximum Demand

Since average load is always less than maximum demand, hence load factor is always less than unity.

Demand Factor

The ratio of actual maximum demand on the system to the total rated load connected with the system is called demand factor. It is always less than unity. Following formula is used to calculate demand factor.

Demand Factor = Maximum Demand/Connected Load

Diversity Factor

The ratio of sum of individual maximum demand of all the consumers supplied by it to maximum demand of power station is called diversity factor. Following formula is used to calculate diversity factor.

Diversity Factor = (Sum of Individual Max. Demand)/(Max. Demand of Power Station)

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